What is ABA Therapy?
Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) is the leading methodology for treating children with autism spectrum disorder. It is scientifically backed by nearly 50 years of proven results. It is commonly used as an early intervention methodology to help children learn how to learn. ABA is a based upon the foundations and principles of behaviourism.
Therapists/parents can obtain ABA training through the Autism Behavioural Intervention Association (ABIA.) This allows those working with the child to deliver therapy in a way that is:
- Goal Oriented
- Specific to the child
- Motivating to the child
- Time sensitive
- Easily generalised within different settings
- Applicable by different family members
- Shaping behaviours and skills long-term
Intergrading ABA within therapy
ABA can be integrated within Speech Pathology and Occupation Therapy and can be categorised by using a specific set of rules to help a child acquire a new skill i.e. language social behaviours, functional behaviours, emotional behaviours etc. These sets of rules may include scheduling a specific reward after a desired behaviour is produced; then the goal is to gradually reduce or eliminate the individualised support over time.
ABA is a useful teaching tool within therapy and leads to more successful outcomes. It is evidence based in nature and highlights the importance of measuring outcomes as therapy continues.